Helen Phillips American, 1913-1995

Helen Phillips was born 1913, Fresno, California. She was an American sculptor and print maker and she studied at the School of Fine Art in San Francisco and learned direct carving techniques from Ralph Stackpole, who introduced her to Diego Rivera. However, Phillips was more excited by Oceanic and Pre-Columbian art than Social Realism.

Phillips won Phelan Traveling Fellowship which allowed her to work in Paris in 1936. There, she entered Atelier 17, the intaglio print workshop where she met its founder and her future husband, Stanley William Hayter.

Learning to engrave copper in Paris had an important impact on the development of her sculpture, forcing her to become conscious of negative space. She fled to New York in 1939 and became a pioneer of the New York School, exhibiting with Wilfredo Lam, Roberto Matta, David Hare, Isamu Noguchi and Arshile Gorky.

Phillips's sculpture and intaglio prints are in these museum collections:

Albright Knox Gallery
Allentown Art Museum
Benton Collection, University of Connecticut
Clark Art Institute
Cleveland Museum of Art
Colby College Museum of Art

Dallas Museum of Art
DeYoung Museum, San Francisco
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
Georgetown University, Lauinger Library

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Indianapolis Art Museum
Minneapolis Art Institute
Museum of Modern Art, New York
National Gallery of Art, Washington
Library of Congress

DeYoung Museum, San Francisco

Palmer Museum of Art
Philadelphia Museum of Art

Princeton University Art Museum
Smithsonian Museum of American

San Diego Museum of Art

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Toledo Museum of Art
Syracuse University Art Museum

Victoria and Albert Museum, London
Wesley College
Whitney Museum of American Art

Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal


Helen Phillips died in New York in 1995